Having spent most of last week in Rhode Island and Boston last week, I cut short my planned activities Friday morning to avoid the storm. That was a preventive action. It so happens that today a back-up generator ordered months ago will be installed at home. That’s a contingent action. Strategic plans and their implementations must be ready for preventive and contingent actions as well as adaptive and corrective actions. You simply cannot ‘hardwire’ a plan in today’s world—and there are penalties for trying.